Norwegian Courts Administration
The Norwegian Courts Administration (NCA) administers the ordinary courts and the land consolidation courts. This covers a steering role as well as carrying out the administrative and support for the courts. The NCA’s purpose is to enable the courts to deal with challenges presented before them. This is done for instance by providing the support necessary for judges and staff to carry out their roles and to deliver justice effi ciently and effectively. The NCA holds a superior employer function for the courts.
The NCA works in partnership with the judiciary to increase public confidence in the court system.
An independent administration
It is the very essence of a state governed by law that the courts will not be placed under any political steering control in the performance of their judicial functions.
This has been a central principle in Norwegian government since the adoption of the Constitution by Riksforsamlingen (the constituent assembly) at Eidsvoll in 1814. To ensure greater independence from the executive and legislative powers, an independent agency for the administration of the courts was set up.
Stortinget (the Parliament) sets aims and objectives and draws up the annual budget for the courts and the NCA. The NCA and the Ministry of Justice hold regular meetings on matters related to allocation of resources and amendments of rulesgoverning the courts. The Ministry of Justice is not in a position to instruct the NCA with respect to specific administrative matters. The Ministry of Justice has main responsibilities for legal consultation papers and legislation related to the courts. The NCA can suggest amendments to laws and respond to consultation papers.
Areas of responsibility
The NCA initiates judicial work and legislation within the courts’ competence to the Ministry of Justice. The NCA handles claims for compensation from persons alleging that the court has made errors. The NCA cannot review courts’ judgements but will answer general questions related to the courts’ work upon request.
Information and Public Relations
The NCA is responsible for enhancing the communication within the courts, between the courts and to the public and the media. The NCA promotes the courts’ interests by meeting political authorities and the civil service. The NCA has the overall responsibility for the courts’ archives.
Finances and real estate
The NCA is responsible for the courts’ finances , finance strategies, allocation of resources and cost effective measures. The NCA acts as a supplier of terms in relation to the government’s annual budgetary process. Following the Storting’s budget bill, the NCA allocates the annual budget to the courts. The NCA also acts as the courts’ central accounting unit and manages the estate.
Organisational and personal development
The National Courts Administration is responsible for organisational and
leadership training, and for staff policy initiatives as recruitment, wage negotiations, working environment, safety and readiness. The tasks include development and administration, with emphasise on counselling and supervision.
Competence development is connected to systematic quality work. One of the
main concerns of The NCA is to ensure that the
courts have the competence that is necessary in order to solve their tasks, and it has methods and initiative in the competence development.
The NCA is a service agency for the courts and has an overall responsibility for the improving of services to the courts and court users. The NCA is responsible for various committees’ and boards’ meetings,
the annual chief judges’ meeting and the general judicial meeting, as well as taking care of services needed for delivering good training courses.
Information, communication and technology services
The NCA ensures continuous improvement of the courts’ IT services. The NCA will enhance the service of the organisation through IT modernisation and working with partners in the justice system. The NCA has the overall responsibility for information security.
The NCA has the overall responsibility for the improvement of the land consolidation courts and will further develop judicial matters related to land consolidation and maps.
NCA carry out the secretary functions of:
Judicial Appointments Board
On the basis of the applicants’ submitted applications and the Board’s assessment thereof, the Board submits a recommendation to the Ministry of Justice. The Minister of Justice submits the nomination to the King in Council which is the authority for the appointment. The NCA operates as the Board’s secretariat.
Supervisory Committee for Judges
Anyone who has been subjected to the alleged misconduct of a judge in the
performance of his or her office, such as parties, witnesses and advocates, may bring a complaint against the judge to the Supervisory Committe for Judges.The NCA operates as the Committees’s secretariat.
The Finnmark Commission
The National Courts Administration has the general administrative responsibility for The Finnmark Commission and The Finnmark Outfield Commission, which on the basis of valid rights is to explore the legal rights to the usage and ownership of the State’s earlier ground in Finnmark
Extra-judicial activities – Register
The NCA keeps a register on judges’extra-judicial activities such as membership of boards and committees. Investments and previous post before becoming a judge are also required to be registered. Some extra-judicial activities must be approved before the judge can undertake the activities. The register is open to the public.
The National Courts Administration’s structure
The Board of Governors is the supreme authority of the NCA. The Board has nine members. Two members are elected by the Storting while seven members are appointed by the King in Council. The Board appoints the director of the NCA.
The page was updated: 26.04.2013, kl. 14:57