Norwegian Courts Administration
The Norwegian Courts Administration (NCA) administers the ordinary courts and the land consolidation courts.
This means The Supreme Court, 6 courts of appeal, 63 district courts and 34 land consolidation courts.
The NCA’s purpose is to enable the courts to deal with challenges presented before them. This is done for instance by providing the support necessary for judges and staff to carry out their roles and to deliver justice efficiently and effectively. The NCA covers a steering role as well as carrying out the administrative and support for the courts. The NCA also holds a superior employer function and works to increase public confidence in the courts.
The NCA has about 90 employees and is located in Trondheim.
Why an independent administration of the courts?
It is the very essence of a state governed by law that the courts will not be placed under any political steering control in the performance of their judicial functions. This has been a central principle in Norwegian government since the adoption of the Constitution by Riksforsamlingen (the constituent assembly) at Eidsvoll in 1814. To ensure greater independence from the executive and legislative powers,an independent agency for the administration of the courts was set up.
Stortinget (the Parliament) sets aims and objectives and draws up the annual budget for the courts and the NCA. The NCA and the Ministry of Justice hold regular meetings on matters related to allocation of resources and amendments of rules governing the courts. The Ministry of Justice is not in a position to instruct the NCA with respect to specific administrative matters. The Ministry of Justice has main responsibilities for legal consultation papers and legislation related to the courts. The NCA can suggest amendments to laws and respond to consultation papers.