The Supervisory Committee for Judges

In November 2002 the Supervisory Committee for Judges was established. The Committee is a separate, administrative, collegiate body composed of six members: two representatives from the public, two judges, one judge from the Land Consolidation Courts and one lawyer – all appointed by the Government.

Anyone who has been subjected to alleged misconduct of a judge in the performance his or her office, such as parties, witnesses, indicted or barristers may bring a complaint against the judge to the Supervisory Committee. The right to complain is also extended to the court president, the National courts Administration and the Ministry of Justice.

As a main rule the complaint must be forwarded to the Committee within three months from the alleged misconduct took place or was known to the complainant. There is an absolute one-year-limit for bringing in a complaint.

If professional misconduct is revealed, the Committee can react with authoritative criticism in the form of a “criticism” or a warning, where the latter is the strongest reaction. In this way the Committee can contribute to the development of how to define “conduct as befitting a judge”

The decisions of the Supervisory Committee for Judges are made public in an anonymous form.

Misconduct of judges may be:
Misbehaviour in duty
Offence of duties in service
Misconduct when not in duty
Possible reactions:
Warning
Criticism

In 2006 the Supervisory Committee for Judges received 123 complaints. 10 of the complaints led to disciplinary reactions from the Committee.

The average handling time is approximately three months from a complaint is received by the Committee to the Committee has made a decision.

The NCA operates as the Committees’ secretariat.